Critical thinking in pathophysiology
As failure to rescue, and patient safety have been brought to the forefront of health care concerns, so has the awareness that a considerable amount of graduate nurses are unable to critically think to make decisions about care and meet objectives (del Bueno, 2005 as cited by Lewis, 2017). There is minimal information regarding fostering critical thinking in nursing. However, it is evident that developing critical thinking is not enough. An understanding of pathophysiology is essential to success in nursing education. Therefore, it is suggested that critical thinking be encouraged in pathophysiology, generally a prerequisite course, when the foundation for nursing education is being established instead of waiting to promote critical thinking in nursing curriculum. Additionally, several learning strategies suggestive to promote critical thinking are reviewed.
Keywords: Critical Thinking, Pathophysiology, Nursing Education
Heather Swinney. Critical thinking in pathophysiology. Acta Scientiae et Intellectus, 5(1)2019, 9-20.
The effects of weight loss methods in educational combat sports and martial arts
In this study, the effects of the weight loss methods on the students in the Combat sports and Martial Arts field were investigated. Sport Weight Loss Methods and Effects Scale were filled by a total of 208 university students who received sports education. Mann Whitney U and Kruskal Wallis tests were performed statistically.
According to this study, while falling to the weight of the competition, 3% of their body weights and 2.91% of women have fallen. There was a statistically significant difference in fluid loss, physiological and psychological sub-dimensions of the scale according to the sex (p <0, 05 and p <0,001). Significant differences were found in relation to diet, ergogenic, physiological and psychological sub-dimensions according to the branches (p <0.05 and p <0.001).
As a result, the students who played sports were generally affected by diet. While male students were more affected by fluid loss than female athletes, they were less affected by physiological and psychological care. A more comprehensive scale should be developed to determine weight loss methods in the elite level Combat sports and Martial Arts athletes. In addition, nutrition support should be provided.
Keywords: Sports, Weight Loss, Scale
Feyzullah Koca, Osman İmamoğlu, Mehmet Türkmen. The effects of weight loss methods in educational combat sports and martial arts. Acta Scientiae et Intellectus, 5(1)2019, 21-28.
Knowledge management as an approach for enhancing competitive capabilities in Majmaah University from a strategic perspective: An Applied Study
This study represents a theoretical and empirical study to recognize the influence of strategic knowledge management on enhancing competitive capabilities. It aims to investigate the extent to which Majmaah University apply the knowledge management approach, determine the contribution of this approach in building the Universities' competitive capabilities, and identify the most important constraints that adversely affect the strategic knowledge management processes in Majmaah University. The study also aims to clarify the nature of knowledge management and determine its reliability as a strategic perspective in enhancing the Competitive Capabilities of Majmaah University. Through the survey study conducted by the researcher, the problem of the study is summarized as follows: The Majmaah University facing a variety of academic and administrative problems and obstacles, due to the relative novelty of this university, which was created with the increasing social demand for education in Saudi Arabia.
Therefore the Emerging Universities in general and Majmaah University in particular, have to develop its strategies and use new strategic approaches for the best exploitation for their strategic capabilities, knowledge is the most important, in order to build competitive capabilities that enable them to survive in the competitive environment of rapid change inside and outside Saudi Arabia, and enable them to keep up with technological and informational development in a highly competitive environment.
For testing hypotheses, the researcher depends on secondary data, which composed the theoretical frame of the study. In addition to the primary data that have been collected through personal interviews and the questionnaire that consist of forty questions. The revised questionnaire was then distributed to 150 academic members from deans and agents of Majmaah University colleges, a total of 95 correct responses were received with a rate 63.33% (some of these questionnaires are collected through e-mails).
As regards the results of hypotheses test, it has been confirmed that the basic hypothesis has been accepted that there's a positive relationship with statistically significant between the strategic knowledge management and enhancing the competitive capability of Majmaah University. And also the sub-hypotheses have been accepted that there's a significant relationship between the organizational culture that supports knowledge, leadership of knowledge, the flexible organizational structure & effective information technology respectively and between enhancing the competitive capability of Majmaah University. Finally, researcher presents a proposed framework for applying knowledge management approach from a strategic perspective in Majmaah University that enables it to achieve competitive capabilities, as this framework can be generalized for emerging Saudi Universities to strengthen its competitive position in the highly competitive environment.
Keywords: Knowledge Management, Competitive Capabilities, Strategic Perspective, Majmaah University
Al-Majhaddi, Ali Saleh. Knowledge management as an approach for enhancing competitive capabilities in Majmaah University from a strategic perspective: An Applied Study. Acta Scientiae et Intellectus, 5(1)2019, 29-40.
Emotional intelligence and resilience
The following paper explores the concepts of emotional intelligence (EI) and resilience. There is some disagreement and debate about the meaning and definition of both constructs. EI as a construct refers to a person’s ability to recognize their own emotions as well as the emotions of others. Resilience refers to a person’s ability to resist the negative consequences related to stressful and traumatic events. Despite the differences in how the constructs are defined, there is general agreement that there is a direct relationship between EI and resilience. Generally speaking, researchers and academics agree that higher levels of EI help individuals to develop greater resilience. By the same token, there is general agreement that lower levels of EI lead to an individual’s diminished ability to develop resilience. There are certain individuals who seem able to endure stressful life events or traumatic circumstances without permanent debilitation. On the other hand, there are individuals who suffer seemingly less stressful events or smaller moments of trauma, but are greatly damaged by these incidents. The questions of how individuals develop EI and resilience and why certain individuals are more resilient than others are dynamic and complex.
Keywords: emotional intelligence, resilience, stress, trauma
Karla Vasquez. Emotional intelligence and resilience. Acta Scientiae et Intellectus, 5(1)2019, 41-49.